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Syria PDF Print E-mail
COMPETING COUNTRY

Syria covers an area more than 185,000 square kilometers; its terrain, climate and vegetation are diverse. Mountains dominate the western and south-western regions and separate the narrow coastal plain form the interior. The highest mountain range straddles the boundary with Lebanon and is high enough to get heavy snow in winter; most of the remainder of Syria to the east of these mountains is a plateau.
The coastal plain has warm, humid summers and mild, wet winters and gets enough rain for crops to be grown without irrigation. The interior, by contrast, has cold winters, especially in the north, and extremely hot summers, particularly in the east.
Much of the interior is desert, or semi-desert. The two major rivers, the Euphrates and Orients, originate in Turkey and Lebanon.
The Syrian economy is a multi-researched economy based on agriculture, industry, and trade.
The agriculture sector is still predominant and continues to serve as an important engine in the country's economic and social development. It accounts for 31% of the GDP and 23% of employment. The most common crops are wheat, barley, cotton, vegetables, citrus fruits, olives, tobacco and sugar beet. The industrial sector is vibrant employing 29% of the labor force and contributes 22% to the GDP. The main industries are food processing and textiles.

Agricultural Production has considerably developed during recent years as a result of investment development for natural resources and adopting modern techniques in all fields of Agricultural production, besides the good Policies and Procedures taken by the government to encourage agricultural investment and to develop it vertically and horizontally.
As a result self sufficiency has been achieved for most products; also surplus is available for export for many agricultural commodities of good quality.

Going back to the annual book of Arabic Agricultural Statistics, issued by the Arab Organization of Agricultural Development, The year 2003 witnessed:

-Gross Agricultural production in current prices 5403 Million US Dollars.
- Value of Agricultural Exports 264,95 Million US Dollars.
- Value of Agricultural Imports 933,77 Million US Dollars

 

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